Sainsbury’s were not for sale but through the approach and careful negotiations behind the scenes, the two supermarket giants were able to announce a deal together and surprise the market. Even the Sainsbury’s CEO was pleased enough to sing “we’re in the money” and become a social media meme!
For most SME business owners, an off market approach from a buyer is not this simple.
Handling an unexpected approach from a buyer
Firstly, whilst it is always flattering to be approached, you need to understand whether it is focused and genuine. Is it merely a letter or email from someone to see if you (and perhaps dozens of other company owners) would consider a sale? Or is it a genuine approach, where the buyer has looked at the market and decided upon you as their best way to grow?
The best and most genuine approach is where the potential buyer has known you for some time, whether through trading relationships or through previous dealings. This was reportedly the case for Sainsbury’s and Asda, as the two CEOs had worked together previously.
Do you know why have they approached you?
Once established that the approach is genuine, you need to know why they have approached you. Is it, for example, for your people, technology, products, capabilities, niche market position, or geography? Or is it that they have growth targets that can not be obtained without an acquisition? Are they looking for new market ideas and want to speak to competitors? Sometimes these interested parties may appear to be genuine but are not, and are only interested in buying on their very low valuation terms.
For all cases, be careful what information you reveal to them and keep items confidential, particularly if the interest is from a competitor. Instead of “Caveat Emptor”, i.e. let the buyer beware, it is the seller that should be wary in these situations.
Establishing your valuation expectations
Using your corporate finance adviser should help you to establish what your valuation expectations should be and whether their offer is too low, at a fair price or at a great one. The adviser will be able to help throughout the process to benchmark their offer, identify other areas of value and ultimately improve the offer.
Be open to other options and ideas. If one company has shown interest in you, do not believe that they are the only one. Other options, such as looking at a management buy out, carrying on as you were or actively seeking other buyers, are always available. If initial negotiations aren’t going as well as you think, you will be able to use the information pack prepared to send to other buyers and reach out to them again under the terms of a confidentiality agreement.
What to do after finding a buyer
If you have met with the potential buyer and believe that you can work with them going forward, then you should ask them to make an indicative non-binding offer.
The offer is of course negotiable. You will need a few weeks and greater sharing of forecast information in order for the offer to be increased and developed into a set of heads of terms which explains the key aspects of the deal. Only at this point should you be prepared to work exclusively with the one buyer for a few months to allow the deal to complete.
How to identify if the deal will work
Two ways to identify whether the deal will work is to identify specific synergies between buyer and seller, and to co-develop a business plan for your company under their ownership. This has to be a two way process and cannot be done in a confrontational fashion. Spend time on this joint plan and consider the integration of the companies, the savings and the new opportunities e.g. for sales growth and technology sharing.
The process can be co-developed with the corporate finance adviser and the buyer so that it is appropriate and not disruptive for your time and for the business. Sharing information through an electronic dataroom in a careful, co-ordinated way demonstrates that you can control a process. It also builds confidence in your systems and information control.
Personalities and egos can be an important factor to see if the deal can work. Do you believe you can work with and report to the buyer? We have seen many deals fall over as the vendor realises he cannot work with the buyer after months of negotiations.
In these circumstances, pick yourself up and reflect what you have learned from the process and from their approach to business.
It is only with lots of hard work going into the deal process, and with a co-developed co-ordinated approach, that eventually you too may be singing “we’re in the money.”
If you would like to discuss this in more detail, please email us [email protected]